Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)
Coined a "neurological traffic jam"by neuroscientist A. Jean Ayres, Ph.D., sensory processing disorder (SPD) is a neurological condition in which external and internal sensory is poorly detected, modulated, or interpreted. This results in emotional, behavioral, social, attentional, or motoric challenges.
Sensory Issues present in a variety of ways, including:
shoes, coat or clothes too tight
frequently crashing into walls or people
easily irritated by textures, sounds or smells
unusually low or high pain threshold
oversized reaction to a change in environment
excessive clumsiness or difficulty with fine motor skills
All children have sensory issues, but a child struggling with sensory processing disorder presents symptoms that impact normal day-to-day functions.
Although SPD is currently not included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) as a separate disorder, there is no argument that sensory processing issues affect 80% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and up to 60% of children with ADHD.
Regardless of the ongoing debate, many experts support the theory that SPD is a standalone disorder and currently impacts 1 in 20 children.
A Neurological Traffic Jam
Research indicates there are 3 primary patterns of SPD, further broken down into 6 subtypes. Most individuals with SPD display more than one subtype, i.e, a child sensitive to loud noises can simultaneously crave other stimuli.
Sensory Modulation Disorder: Over or Under Responsive, or Craving Sensory
Sensory-Based Motor Disorder: Difficulty with Stability and/or Movement
Sensory Discrimination Disorder: Difficulty Determining or Detecting Stimuli
Eliminate the confusion and overwhelm of sensory, behavior and anxiety disorders with our one-of-a-kind survival kit! The ADHD Survival Kit explores the world of ADHD, SPD and Anxiety including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, school and more!