Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)

Coined a "neurological traffic jam"by neuroscientist A. Jean Ayres, Ph.D., sensory processing disorder (SPD) is a neurological condition in which external and internal sensory is poorly detected, modulated, or interpreted. This results in emotional, behavioral, social, attentional, or motoric challenges.

Sensory Issues present in a variety of ways, including:

  • shoes, coat or clothes too tight

  • frequently crashing into walls or people

  • easily irritated by textures, sounds or smells

  • unusually low or high pain threshold

  • oversized reaction to a change in environment

  • excessive clumsiness or difficulty with fine motor skills


All children have sensory issues, but a child struggling with sensory processing disorder presents symptoms that impact normal day-to-day functions


Although SPD is currently not included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) as a separate disorder, there is no argument that sensory processing issues affect 80% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and up to 60% of children with ADHD

Regardless of the ongoing debate, many experts support the theory that SPD is a standalone disorder and currently impacts 1 in 20 children.


A Neurological Traffic Jam

Research indicates there are 3 primary patterns of SPD, further broken down into 6 subtypes. Most individuals with SPD display more than one subtype, i.e, a child sensitive to loud noises can simultaneously crave other stimuli.

  • Sensory Modulation Disorder: Over or Under Responsive, or Craving Sensory

  • Sensory-Based Motor Disorder: Difficulty with Stability and/or Movement

  • Sensory Discrimination Disorder: Difficulty Determining or Detecting Stimuli


Survival Kit

Eliminate the confusion and overwhelm of sensory, behavior and anxiety disorders with our one-of-a-kind survival kit! The ADHD Survival Kit explores the world of ADHD, SPD and Anxiety including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, school and more!


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