Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD/ADD) is not a behavior disorder, nor is it a lack of will-power. ADHD is a neuro-development, or brain, disorder that interferes with functions essential to self-management.


Wired Differently

All children display moments where they simply don't pay attention, talk excessively, are over-excited  and may even act impulsively, but for a child with ADHD these behaviors persist and affect day-to-day functions. A child with ADHD shows a greater intensity of sustained immaturity in comparison to his/her peer group.

There are two presentations of the diagnosis:

  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD): predominantly inattentive, lacking the hyperactive/impulsive issues

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): predominantly hyperactive and impulsive symptoms; or a combination of both inattentive (ADD) and hyperactive/impulsive (ADHD) symptoms

For simplicity, ADD is often rolled up under the term ADHD; however, please note that is important to get an accurate diagnosis.

Obtaining an accurate diagnosis can be difficult as many other disorders and conditions commonly co-exist with ADHD, and frequently present overlapping symptoms. Leading expert Thomas E. Brown noted that 67% of kids with ADHD have at least one co-occurring learning or mental health issue including the possibility of a learning disability, conduct disorder, anxiety or depression. 



Helpful resources include our ADHD Kids Journal and ADHD Survival Kit, both of which also address issues specific to Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), anxiety and gifted/2e.


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